Mountain Ranges in India Club Mahindra
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Information Courtesy Wikipedia
The Himalaya Range
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from
the Tibetan Plateau.
The Himalayan range has the Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include
over a hundred mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in elevation.
The Himalayas are spread across five countries: Bhutan, India, Nepal, China, and Pakistan, with the first three
countries having sovereignty over most of the range. The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the
Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, and on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Some of the world's major rivers, the Indus, the Ganges, and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, rise in the Himalayas,
and their combined drainage basin is home to roughly 600 million people. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped
the cultures of South Asia; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism.
Purvanchal Range Mountain Range
The Purvanchal Mountains, or Eastern Mountains, consist of the area of the Himalayas bending sharply to the south
and spreading along the eastern boundary of India beyond the Dihang gorge. Composed largely of strong sandstone,
they are the eastern extension of the Himalayan range, lying in northeastern India near Myanmar. The Purvanchal
Mountains cover the states of Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram. The Garo, Khasi and
Jaintia hills are not located in this range which are part of Deccan plateau. Purvanchal hill range include the
Patkai, Naga, Barail range, Manipur and Mizo hills.
India's North East is a land of undulating hills and plains with luxuriant green cover and a wide variety or rare
and exotic flora and fauna. Consisting of 8 states North East India has some real surprises for the travelers.
Not so much established on the travelers map, yet the North Eastern India, has its own charm that will sweep
you off your feet.
From the gigantic Brahmaputra, to the world wide famous Cherapunji, Monastery of Sikkim and the beautiful hills
around nagaland, Megahlaya, Arunanchal Pradesh
Vindhyanchal Mountain Range
The Vindhyanchal Range is a complex, discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill ranges
, highlands and plateau escarpments in west-central India.
Technically, the Vindhyanchal do not form a single mountain range in the geological sense. The exact extent of the
Vindhyas is loosely defined, and historically, the term covered a number of distinct hill systems in central India,
including the one that is now known as the Satpura Range. Today, the term principally refers to the escarpment that
runs north of and roughly parallel to the Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh, and its hilly extensions. Depending on
the definition, the range extends up to Gujarat in the west, and Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the east.
The Satpura Mountain Range
The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. The range rises in eastern Gujarat state running east through
the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh. The range parallels the Vindhya Range
to the north, and these two east-west ranges divide Indian Subcontinent into the Indo-Gangetic plain of northern
India and the Deccan Plateau of the south. The Narmada River originates from north-eastern end of Satpura and runs
in the depression between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges, draining the northern slope of the Satpura range, running
west towards the Arabian Sea. The Tapti River originates in the eastern-central part of Satpura, crossing the range
in the center and running west at the range's southern slopes before meeting the Arabian Sea at Surat, draining the
central and southern slopes of the range. The Godavari River and its tributaries drain the Deccan plateau, which lies
south of the range, and the Mahanadi River drains the easternmost portion of the range. The Godavari and Mahanadi
rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal. At its eastern end, the Satpura range meets the hills of the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
The Aravalli Range
The Aravalli range are the oldest fold mountains in India. The northern end of the range continues as isolated hills
and rocky ridges into Haryana state, ending in Delhi. The famous Delhi Ridge is the last leg of the Aravalli Range,
which traverses through South Delhi and terminates into Central Delhi where Raisina hill is its last extension. It
is one of the worlds' oldest mountain ranges. It dates back to a pre-Indian subcontinental collision with the
mainland Eurasian Plate. The southern end is at Palanpur near Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The highest peak is Guru
Shikhar in Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Rising to 5650 feet (1722 meters), it lies near the south-western extremity
of the range, close to the border with Gujarat state. The city of Udaipur with its lakes lies on the south slope
of the range in Rajasthan. Numerous rivers rise amidst the ranges including the Banas River, the Luni River,
the Sahibi, the Sakhi, and the Sabarmati River. Chambal and Luni are two main rivers that flow through Rajasthan.
The Western Ghats (Mountain Range)
Western Ghats (also known as Sahyadri meaning The Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel
to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India. It is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological
diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The range runs north to south along
the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan,
along the Arabian Sea. A total of thirty-nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and
reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu
and four in Maharashtra.
The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately
1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu ending at Kanyakumari,
at the southern tip of India. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex
riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from
reaching the Deccan Plateau. The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).
The Eastern Ghats (Mountain Range)
The Eastern Ghats or Kizhakku thodarchi malaigal or Purva Ghat, known as Mahendra Parvatam in the south, are a
discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. The Eastern Ghats run from the northern Odisha
through Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka. They are eroded and cut through
by the four major rivers of peninsular India, known as the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri.
The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between
the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The coastal plains, including the Coromandel Coast region, lie between the
Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats.